Geographical and Physical Features
Kota is located along eastern bank of the Chambal River in the southern part of Rajasthan. It is the third largest city of Rajasthan after Jaipur and Jodhpur. The cartographic coordinates are 25.18°N 75.83°E. It covers an area of 318 km2 (3.63 per cent of the Rajasthan State). It has an average elevation of 271 metres (889 ft). The district is bound on the north and north-west by SawaiMadhopur, Tonk and Bundi districts. The Chambal River separates these districts from Kota district, forming the natural boundary.
The city of Kota is situated at a center of the south-eastern region of Rajasthan and this region widely known as Hadoti, the land of the Hadas. Kota lies along the banks of the Chambal River on a high sloping tableland forming a part of the Malwa Plateau. The Mokandarra hills run from south-east to north-west axis of the town. The historical places and temples portray signs of modern development.
It has fertile and lush green land with ample facilities of irrigation through canals.Kota is one of the industrial hubs in northern India, with chemical, engineering and power plants based here. The rail junction, a road hub, lies 4.8 km (4 mi) to the north.
Kota has a semi-arid climate with high temperatures throughout the year. Summers are long, hot and dry, starting in late March and lasting - through the end of June. The monsoon season follows with comparatively lower temperatures, but higher humidity and frequent, torrential downpours. The monsoons subside in October and temperatures rise again. The brief, mild winter starts in late November and lasts until the last week of February. Temperatures hover between 26.7 °C (max) to 12 °C (min). This can be considered the best time to visit Kota because of intense heat in the summer.
The average annual rainfall in the Kota district is 660.6 mm. Most of the rainfall can be attributed to the southwest monsoon which has its beginning in the last week of June and may last till mid-September. Pre-monsoon showers begin towards the middle of June with post-monsoon rains occasionally occurring in October. The winter is largely dry, although some rainfall does occur as a result of the Western Disturbance passing over the region.